Hong Kong NGOs Registering in Mainland China: an Analysis

华人慈善圈

中文 English

On January 1st, the ‘Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Administration of Activities of Overseas Non-Governmental Organizations within the Territory of China’ came into effect (hereinafter referred to as the ONGO Law). Since then an increasing number of ONGOs have registered their representative organizations (ROs) or recorded their temporary activities in Mainland China, including some international NGOs which had previously registered or established offices in Hong Kong.

According to the “Research Report 2016 on the Implementation of Funding and Services by Hong Kong Charitable Organizations in Mainland China (Conference Version)” jointly issued by the China Philanthropy Research Institute of Beijing Normal University and Oxfam Hong Kong on October 20 2016, Hong Kong NGOs have been operating charitable activities in the Mainland for more than 30 years. They have provided substantial funds and human and intellectual support for poverty alleviation, disaster relief, education and social services, which have had a tremendous impact on the progress of charitable undertakings in Mainland China. In view of this fact, this article will make a systematic review of the registration and recording of temporary activities of Hong Kong NGOs in Mainland China since the ONGO Law went into effect in January, in order to provide reference for NGOs from Hong Kong operating in the Mainland which have not yet registered representative organizations or recorded their temporary activities.


The Status of Hong Kong NGOs’ Registering Representative Organizations in the Mainland

(1) Hong Kong NGOs comprised 28% of all ONGOs successfully registering, with a small number of organizations having several representative offices.

According to the public information available on the overseas NGOs service platform, by June 1st 2017 90 overseas NGOs had registered in the Mainland. 25 of these were from Hong Kong, accounting for 28% of the total (please refer to Table 1 for a detailed list). Among the 25 successfully registered representative offices (ROs), 6 were registered by World Vision (Hong Kong) in Guangdong, Yunnan, Guizhou, Jiangxi, Tianjin and Guangxi, 2 by International Professional Services Limited (Hong Kong) in Sichuan and Yunnan, and the remaining 17 offices were registered by separate Hong Kong NGOs. Out of the 25 ROs, 12 were established by social service organizations, 8 by foundations, and 5 by industry associations.

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(2) The peaks in registrations, in January and April, are in line with the overall trend for ONGOs.

As shown in Graph 1, the registration of ROs by Hong Kong NGOs in the Mainland peaked in January and April, coinciding with the overall trend for ONGOs that successfully registered. According to the “Report on the Implementation of the ONGO Law” issued by the China Philanthropy Research Institute, the peak in registrations in January mainly came from the transfer of ONGOs that had previously registered under the civil affairs departments or the industry and commerce departments. The April peak on the other hand came from ONGOs that had figured out the registration process and then registered. The number of registrations in May was slightly higher than in April, which also proves that Hong Kong NGOs have gradually become more familiar with the registration process. The number of future registrations is expected to remain on the rise.

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(3) 7 ONGOs were previously registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs and 9 organizations had previously been recorded in the Yunnan provincial Civil Affairs Department.

Looking at the organizations’ original registration status, out of the 25 registered Hong Kong NGO ROs, 7 had previously registered ROs under the Ministry of Civil Affairs, as shown in figure 2. All of these seven organizations were handed over to public security departments and officially registered as ROs of ONGOs when the ONGO Law had just been implemented, in January 2017. Other nine organizations which had previously been recorded in the Yunnan provincial Civil Affairs Department re-registered according to the ONGO Law, including World Vision (Hong Kong) and the International Professional Services Limited (Hong Kong), which have established a number of ROs. In addition to registering a Yunnan representative office, these two organizations also registered offices in other provinces or regions. This was done in accordance with the ONGO Law’s Article 18, which lists the requirements for organizations to carry out activities in different provinces.

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(4) Most organizations chose Guangdong for registration, convenience being the main consideration.

In terms of geographic distribution, a total of seven Hong Kong NGOs registered their ROs in Guangdong and four in Beijing (see Figure 3). Geographical convenience is the main consideration for NGOs from Hong Kong. Therefore, the majority of organizations have chosen to establish their ROs in Guangdong, so that they can keep a close contact with their head offices in Hong Kong, while the ROs registered in Beijing can cover activities across the whole country. In addition, the three NGOs from Hong Kong that registered their ROs in Yunnan were the ones previously recorded under the civil affairs department of Yunnan Province.

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(5) The fields of work vary, while the civil affairs departments and the trade and commerce departments remain the most common Professional Supervisory Units (PSUs).

In terms of their officially registered fields of work, Hong Kong NGOs mainly engage in poverty alleviation, education, disaster relief and child services, as can be seen in table 2. They focus on providing relevant services to disadvantaged and vulnerable groups in the Mainland in order to improve their quality of life. In addition, the five organizations registered as chambers of commerce which we mentioned earlier mainly provide member services, build industry exchange platforms and promote business services.

As can be seen in Table 2 and Figure 4, the departments of commerce and the departments of civil affairs are the most common PSUs. Five out of the six ROs that have the commerce departments as their PSUs are the already mentioned chambers of commerce. Despite doing similar work on child services and disaster relief, five out of the six ROs of World Vision – China Foundation Limited (Hong Kong) registered under the civil affairs departments while the remaining one registered under the department of poverty alleviation and development.

 

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The situation concerning Hong Kong NGOs Filing Temporary Activities in the Mainland

(1) Temporary activities filed by Hong Kong NGOs account for 65% of the total.

According to article 16 and 17 of the ONGO Law, “overseas NGOs that have not established representative offices but need to conduct temporary activities in the mainland of China shall do so in cooperation with state organs, people’s organizations, public institutions and social organizations (hereinafter referred to as “Chinese partners”). The Chinese partner units shall follow national provisions to handle approval formalities, and file to the registration management organs that are responsible for the area of the proposed activity at least 15 days before the temporary activities are carried out. Chinese partners of overseas NGOs conducting temporary activities shall handle examination and approval procedures in accordance with State regulations and record under local registration authorities 15 (fifteen) days before temporary activities commence”.

According to the public information on the ONGO service platform, by June 1st 2017 there had been 84 filings of temporary activities, of which 55 were carried out by Hong Kong NGOs, accounting for 65% of the total.

(2) Out of the 18 Hong Kong NGOs that filed temporary activities, Oxfam has the highest number of filings.

A total of 55 temporary activities were filed by 18 Hong Kong NGOs, out of which seven organizations filed at least two activities. As shown in Figure 5, Oxfam holds the highest number for temporary activities filed – 25; 12 of them were carried out in areas of the Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County, Sichuan, while the remaining 13 activities were all over the country, including Guangxi, Shaanxi, Guangdong, Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou and Qinghai.

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(3) 46% of temporary activities have a duration from half a year to one year.

As for the duration of temporary activities, as shown in Figure 6, 25 of the temporary activities have a duration from half a year to one year, accounting for 46%; 11 of them have a duration of less than a week, accounting for 20%; 10 of them have a duration of a year, accounting for 18%. Therefore, we can see that the temporary activities are mainly extremely short-term or medium/long-term. The number of short-term temporary activities of a duration between one week and six months counts for only 16% of all the activities.

According to Article 17 of the ONGO Law, “the duration of temporary activities shall not exceed 1 (one) year. Where there is a need to extend this deadline, documentation and information shall be re-submitted for the record”. At present, all the temporary activities filed by HK NGOs fall within this time limit.

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(4) Disaster relief and financial aid for disadvantaged students are the main fields of temporary activities.

Looking at the fields of temporary activities, as shown in Figure 7, the most popular field is financial aid with 13 activities, followed by disaster prevention and mitigation, community development and industry capacity building, accounting for 22%, 15% and 11% respectively.

Screen Shot 2017-06-15 at 4.39.11 PM

Note:

By June 7th 2017, 93 ONGOs had registered representative offices in the Mainland, of which Hong Kong NGOs accounted for 26. Newly registered ROs include the Oxfam (Hong Kong) Guangdong office, which registered on June 2nd. In addition, by the same date, ONGOs had filed a total of 90 temporary activities.


References:

[1] Part of the analysis angle and framework refers to “Analysis Report on the Implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Administration of the Activities of Overseas Non-Governmental Organizations ’” issued by the China Philanthropy Research Institute, http://www.bnu1.org/research/policy/3682.html

[2] Wang Zhengyao et al., “Research Report 2016 on the Implementation of Funding and Services by Hong Kong Charitable Organizations in Mainland China ” (Conference Version), p5.

[3] China Philanthropy Research Institute, “Analysis Report on the Implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Administration of the Activities of Overseas Non-Governmental Organizations”, http://www.bnu1.org/research/policy/3682.html.

 

热点聚焦 | 香港非政府组织在内地登记和临时备案情况简析

2017-06-15 10:38:05  来源:华人慈善圈  作者:吴艾思    点击数量:752

       作者:吴艾思,现任职于国际公益学院公益研究中心

 

2017年1月1日,《中华人民共和国境外非政府组织境内活动管理法》(以下简称“《境外法》”)正式生效,境外非政府组织在内地登记设立代表机构或进行临时活动备案的数量逐渐增加,其中不乏在香港注册的非政府组织或者在香港设立办事处的国际非政府组织。2016年10月20日,北京师范大学中国公益研究院与香港乐施会联合发布的《架设京港善桥--香港公益组织在中国内地开展资助和服务情况调研报告2016(会议版)》指出,香港非政府组织在内地开展公益慈善活动已超过30年历史,在扶贫、救灾、教育、社会服务等领域给予了大量资金、人力和智力支持,对推动中国内地慈善事业的进步产生了巨大的影响。有鉴于此,本文将系统梳理自《境外法》正式生效5个月以来,香港非政府组织在内地登记或备案的情况,为在内地开展服务的香港非政府组织提供借鉴和参考。

 

香港非政府组织在内地登记设立代表机构的情况 1、香港非政府组织境内代表机构占28%,有少数组织设立多家代表机构

 

根据境外非政府组织办事服务平台的公开信息,截至2017年6月1日,已有90家境外非政府组织代表机构在内地登记设立,其中由香港非政府组织登记的有25家,占总数的28%,详细名单请见表1。在成功登记的25家代表机构里,除了其中6家由世界宣明会(香港)分别在广东、云南、贵州、江西、天津和广西6地设立,2家由国际专业服务机构有限公司(中国香港)分别在四川和云南设立外,其余17家代表机构分别由不同的香港非政府组织登记设立。

 

在25家代表机构中,有12家由社会服务组织设立,8家由基金会设立,5家由行业商会设立。

 

表1  香港非政府组织在内地登记设立代表机构名单 (截至2017年6月1日)

2、登记高峰在1月和4月,与境外非政府组织登记整体趋势相吻合

 

从登记成立日期看,如图1所示,香港非政府组织内地代表机构登记成立在1月和4月迎来高峰,这与境外非政府组织成功登记的整体趋势相吻合。中国公益研究院发布的《〈境外非政府组织境内活动管理法〉实施情况分析报告》认为,1月的登记高峰主要来源于原本已在民政部门和工商部门登记的境外非政府组织的移交,4月的登记高峰才是来自于摸清登记程序后进行登记的境外非政府组织。5月的登记数量略高于4月也证明了香港非政府组织对登记程序逐步熟悉,预计未来登记数量仍将维持上升趋势。

3、7家为民政部登记境外基金会代表机构,9家曾在云南省民政厅备案

 

从原注册情况上看,目前已登记的25家香港非政府组织代表机构,如图2所示,有7家原本已在民政部登记成为境外基金会代表机构,这7家均在2017年1月《境外法》实施初期完成了移交,正式登记成为境外非政府组织代表机构。另有9家原本已在云南省民政厅备案,目前按照《境外法》重新进行登记,其中包括设立多家代表处的世界宣明会(香港)和国际专业服务机构有限公司(中国香港),这两家机构除了登记云南代表处外,也在其他省份或地区登记了代表处,此举主要是遵循了《境外法》第十八条对境外非政府组织代表机构应在活动地域内开展活动的要求,以便该机构在不同省份开展活动。

4、地域选择主要在广东,地理位置便捷性是主要考虑

 

从地域分布上看,共有7家香港非政府组织在广东设立代表机构,其次为北京4家(见图3)。香港非政府组织主要选择在广东设立代表处,最主要考虑地理位置的便捷性,有利于内地代表机构与其在香港的总办事处或区域办事处保持密切联系。而在北京设立代表处的4家香港非政府组织,业务活动范围均覆盖全国。另外,3家在云南设立代表处的香港非政府组织,原本均已在云南省民政厅进行备案。

5、业务范围各异,业务主管单位以民政部门和商务部门为主

 

从业务范围上看,如表2所示,在内地设立代表机构的香港非政府组织,业务范围以扶贫、教育、救灾、儿童服务为主,注重为中国内地的困难群体和弱势群体提供相应的服务,改善其生活质量。除此之外,前文提到的5家由行业商会设立的代表机构,则以提供会员服务、搭建行业内交流平台、推广商业服务为主。

 

从业务主管单位上看,如表2和图4所示,代表机构的业务主管单位以民政部门和商务部门为主,其中以商务部门为业务主管单位的6家代表机构有5家为前文提及的行业商会的内地代表处。世界宣明会-中国基金有限公司(香港)的6家代表处,尽管开展的业务儿童和救灾为主,各代表处的业务有相似之处,其中有5家由民政部门担任业务主管单位,1家由扶贫部门担任。

 

表2  香港非政府组织内地代表机构业务主管单位和业务范围列表 (截至2017年6月1日)

 

香港非政府组织在内地进行临时备案的情况 1、香港非政府组织临时活动备案占65%

 

根据《境外法》第十六和十七条,境外非政府组织未在中国境内设立代表机构,在中国境内开展临时活动的,应当与中国的国家机关、人民团体、事业单位、社会组织(以下称中方合作单位)合作进行。中方合作单位应当按照国家规定办理审批手续,并在开展临时活动十五日前向其所在地的登记管理机关备案。

 

根据境外非政府组织办事服务平台的公开信息,截至2017年6月1日,已有临时活动备案共84个,其中55个由香港非政府组织开展,占总数的65%。

 

2、18家香港非政府组织进行临时活动备案,香港乐施会数量最多

 

从备案主体上看,55个临时活动共由18家香港非政府组织进行备案,其中7家备案至少2个活动。如图5所示,香港乐施会临时活动备案数量最多,达25个,其中12个活动在四川省北川羌族自治县不同地区开展,余下13个活动遍布广西、陕西、广东、安徽、甘肃、贵州、青海7个省份。

3、46%临时活动限期为半年至1年

 

从临时活动期限上看,如图6所示,25个临时活动期限为半年至1年,占46%;其次是11个临时活动期限为1周及以下,占20%;10个临时活动期限为1年,占18%。由此可见,进行临时活动备案的活动以超短期和中长期为主,为期1周以上至半年内的中短期临时活动数量较少,仅占16%。由于《境外法》第十七条规定,临时活动期限不超过一年,确实需要延长期限的,应当重新备案,目前香港非政府组织进行备案的临时活动均在此期限内。

4、临时活动以防灾减灾和助学为主

 

从临时活动内容上看,如图7所示,有13个临时活动关注助学,占总数的24%;其次是防灾减灾、社区发展和行业能力建设,分别占总数的22%、15%和11%。

备注: 截至2017年6月7日,在内地登记设立代表处的境外非政府组织共有93家,其中香港组织有26家。新增的代表机构包括6月2日登记成立的乐施会(香港)广东办事处。另外,截至同一时间,境外非政府组织在内地进行临时活动备案共90个。 REFERENCE

参考文献 1.本文部分分析角度与框架参考中国公益研究院《〈境外非政府组织境内活动管理法〉实施情况分析报告》,详情请参见http://www.bnu1.org/research/policy/3682.html。 2.王振耀等:《架设京港善桥--香港公益组织在中国内地开展资助和服务情况调研报告2016(会议版)》,2016年10月发布于首届京港慈善论坛,第5页 3.中国公益研究院:《〈境外非政府组织境内活动管理法〉实施情况分析报告》,http://www.bnu1.org/research/policy/3682.html。

Translated by Qiqi Mei

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