The Ministry of Civil Affairs’ Bulletin on Chinese Social Services in 2015

Ministry of Civil Affairs

中文 English

During 2015, China’s civil administration has promoted the development of civil affairs by conscientiously implementing the arrangements of the Central Committee of the CPC and the State Council.

  1. Overall Statistics

By the end of 2015, China had 34 provincial-level administrative divisions (including 4 municipalities, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions), 334 prefectural-level administrative divisions (including 291 prefecture-level cities, 10 prefectures, 30 autonomous prefectures, and 3 leagues), 2,850 county-level administrative divisions (including 921 districts, 361 county-level cities, 1,397 counties, 117 autonomous counties, 49 banners, 3 autonomous banners, 1 special district and 1 forest district), and 39,789 township-level administrative divisions (including 2 district public offices, 20,515 towns, 10,172 townships, 152 sumu, 990 ethnic townships, 1 ethnic sumu and 7,957 subdistricts). Fourteen provincial boundaries, with a total length of 14,468 kilometers, were jointly inspected by the Chinese government in 2015.

Chart 1. Changes in the number of towns, villages and sub-districts

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Table 1. Changes in the number of towns, villages and sub-districts

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By the end of 2015, according to the annual joint provincial inspection, there were 1,765,000 social service institutions with a year-on-year increase of 5.8%; 13,089,000 members of staff, with a year-on-year increase of 4.6%; total fixed assets of 818,310,000 Yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 13.4%; a construction scale of 40,873,000 square meters for projects in the social service industries, with a total annual investment of 23,990,000,000 Yuan, and an expenditure of 492,640,000,000 Yuan on social service work, with a year-on-year increase of 11.9%, accounting for 3.3% of China’s total fiscal expenditure.

Chart 2. basic value of social services

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Table 2. basic value of social services

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  1. Social Work

    • Social Services with Accommodation Provided

By the end of 2015, there were 31,000 social service organizations providing accommodation registered all over China. Eighteen thousand of these registered as institutions, with an annual increase of 12.5%, and twelve thousand registered as civil non-enterprise units. In total these social organizations took in 2,316,000 people, providing 3,932,000 beds.

Chart 3. beds provided by social service organizations

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Table 3. beds provided by social service organizations

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Note: since 2014, the statistical requirements for social service organizations have been adjusted to include those registered with the Administration for Industry and Commerce, the Office of Government Set-up Committee, and the Department of Civil Affairs. Social service organizations without registration, which were included according to the original requirements, have been shifted to the category of social service facilities.

2.1.1 Social Services for Housing the Elderly

There were 116,000 organizations and facilities providing services for housing the elderly nationally in 2015, with an annual increase of 23.4%. Out of this number, there were 28,000 registered elderly care organizations, 26,000 community elderly care organizations and facilities, and 62,000 elderly care facilities based on mutual assistance. The number of beds for all kinds of elderly care amounted to 6,727,000, with an annual increase of 16.4% (30.3 beds for every thousand old people on average, with an annual increase of 11.4%), including 2,981,000 beds for community accommodation and daycare.

2.1.2 Social Services for Mental Health Patients

There were 242 service organizations for people with mental disabilities and illnesses administrated by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, with 78,000 beds provided. 151 social welfare homes (mental hospitals) provided 49,000 beds (equal to last year’s level) and adopted 40,000 people from all sectors, and 91 mental hospitals for ex-soldiers provided 30,000 beds and adopted 24,000 people in 2015.

2.1.3 Social Services for Child Welfare and Protection

753 service organizations for child welfare and protection provided 100,000 beds and took in 56,000 people, including 478 child welfare organizations which provided 89,000 beds and 275 juvenile protection centers which provided 11,000 beds and assisted 47,000 juvenile vagrants and beggars.

2.1.4 Other Social Services

Nationally there were 2439 other kinds of social service organizations that provide accommodation, providing 171,000 beds. Out of these 1766 assisting and managing organizations provided 103,000 beds and adopted 3,705,000 vagrants and beggars of all kinds. 3,187,000 people were given assistance in the designated stations and 518,000 were given assistance outside of the stations. There were also 15 farms and 320 army supply stations arranged for.

Social Services not Providing Accommodation

    • Services for the Elderly

By the end of 2015 there were 222,000,000 people over 60 years old, accounting for 16.1% of the total population, including 143,860,000 people over 65 years old, accounting for 10.5% of the whole population. There were 2,280 institutions, 21,000 legal aid centers, 71,000 right maintenance and coordination organizations, 53,000 schools for the elderly with 7,328,000 students, and 371,000 activity rooms of all kinds for the elderly. 21,551,000 elderly people enjoyed senior allowances, 265,000 enjoyed nursing allowances, and 2,579,000 enjoyed aging service allowances.

Chart 4. the proportion of elderly over 60 out of the whole population

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Table 4. the proportion of elderly over 60 out of the whole population

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2.2.2 Child Welfare and Adoption Registration

By the end of 2015 there were 502,000 orphans in China, 92,000 of whom were taken care of by welfare agencies, while 410,000 remained unsettled. There were 22,000 cases of family adoption registration nationwide, including 19,000 by mainland residents, 179 by Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan and overseas Chinese, and 2942 by foreigners.

Chart 5. family adoption

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Table 5. family adoption

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2.2.3 Service Organizations for the Disabled

By the end of 2015, China had 15,000 organizations for the disabled, providing job positions for 429,000 disabled people and creating fixed assets of 177,880,000,000 Yuan and profits of 8,140,000,000 Yuan.

Chart 6. the number of disabled staff in disabled-oriented service organizations

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Table 6. the number of disabled staff in disabled-oriented service organizations

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2.2.4 Social Aid

2.2.4.1 Subsistence Allowances in Urban Areas

By the end of 2015, the subsistence allowances in urban areas, which took up 71,930,000,000 Yuan of the financial expenditure at all levels in 2015, covered 9,574,000 families and 17,011,000 persons. The average standard of monthly subsistence allowances in urban areas was 451.1 Yuan per person, with a year-on-year increase of 9.5%, and the average monthly subsistence allowance was 316.6 Yuan per person, with a year-on-year increase of 10.9%.

2.2.4.2 Subsistence Allowances in Rural Areas

By the end of 2015 the subsistence allowances in rural areas, which took up 93,150,000,000 Yuan of financial expenditure at all levels in 2015, covered 28,462,000 families and 49,036,000 people. The average standard of yearly subsistence allowance in rural areas was 3,177 Yuan per person, with a year-on-year increase of 14.4%, and the average yearly subsistence allowance was 1,766 Yuan per person, with a year-on-year increase of 13.8%.

2.2.4.3 Assistance and Housing for Poverty-stricken People in Rural Areas

By the end of 2015, assistance and housing covered 5,167,000 poverty-stricken people in rural areas, with an annual drop of 2.3%. Financial departments at all levels spent 21,000,000,000 Yuan on assistance and housing for this category of people in 2015, with an annual increase of 10.6%. Among all those receiving the services, 1,623,000 people were collectively supported under a standard of 6025.7 Yuan per person per year, with an annual increase of 12.2%, and 3,544,000 people were separately supported under a standard of 4490.1 Yuan per person per year, with an annual increase of 12.1%.

2.2.4.4 Traditional Assistance

638,000 people received traditional assistance in 2015.

Chart 7. basic assistance to the poor

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Table 7. basic assistance to the poor

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2.2.4.5 Medical Assistance

In 2015, a total of 6,170,000,000 Yuan was spent to support the basic medical insurance of 66,347,000 people, with an average support of 93 Yuan per person. Direct medical assistance covered 28,891,000 people, with an expenditure of 23,680,000,000 Yuan, including 20,870,000,000 Yuan on the inpatient assistance for 13,079,000 people and 2,800,000,000 Yuan on the outpatient assistance for 15,812,000 people.

2.2.4.6 Temporary Assistance

In 2015, temporary assistance covered 6,554,000 families, including 6,335,000 locally registered families and 219,000 non-locally registered families.

2.2.5 Disaster Prevention and Reduction

Natural disasters of all kinds affected 190,000,000 people to different degrees in 2015. Out of these, 967 died or went missing and 6,444,000 had to be urgently sheltered in other places; natural disasters struck 21,769,800 hectares of crops, out of which 2,232,700 hectares were demolished; disasters also caused 248,000 houses to collapse and damaged 2,505,000 other ones. Economic losses due to natural disasters reached 270,410,000,000 Yuan in 2015. The China National Commission for Disaster Reduction and the Ministry of Civil Affairs initiated the national disaster emergency response for 20 times, aiding a total number of 60,000,000 victims. They also allocated a subsistence allowance totaling 9,472,000,000 Yuan to disaster-stricken provinces and provided people with life relief materials, including 47,000 tents, 161,000 quilts, 110,000 cotton-padded overcoats, 23,000 sleeping bags and 50,000 folding beds. This support played a crucial role in major natural disasters including the powerful Nepalese earthquake that affected the Shigatse region in Tibet, the Cangyuan earthquake in Yunnan, the Pishan earthquake in Xinjiang, Typhoons Soudelor and Mujigae, and rainstorms, floods and hail in the southern areas. 1390 model communities to reduce disasters have been established all over China in 2015. 

Chart 8. the number of dead people (including those missing)

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Chart 8. the number of dead people (including those missing)

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2.2.6 Philanthropy

2.2.6.1 Donations

By the end of 2015, the number of regular public donation workstations, stops and philanthropy supermarkets amounted to 30,000 (the number of philanthropy supermarkets was 9654). Donations of 65,450,000,000 Yuan were received in total throughout the year, including 4,420,000,000 Yuan directly received by the civil affairs departments and 61,030,000,000 Yuan received by social organizations of all kinds. The civil affairs departments directly received 45,370,000 items of clothing and quilts, for a value of 520,000,000 Yuan, and it also received 430,000,000 donations and 1,725,000 items of clothing and quilts from other departments, for a value of 61,644,000 Yuan. 18,284,000 people benefited from the donations and 9,346,000 people did voluntary jobs amounting to a total of 27,007,000 hours in the social services field.

Chart 9. donations and clothes and quilts received

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Table 9. donations and clothes and quilts received

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2.2.6.2 Welfare Lotteries

Welfare lottery tickets for a value of 201,510,000,000 Yuan were sold in China in 2015, 4,460,000,000 Yuan less than in 2014, with a decrease of 2.2%. The funds raised through welfare lotteries amounted to 56,380,000,000 Yuan, with an annual decrease of 3.7%. The total expenditure of the funds from the welfare lotteries was 28,890,000,000 Yuan, 5,760,000,000 more than in 2014, with an increase of 24.9%, including 690,000,000 Yuan spent on pensions, 20,000,000 on settlements after retirement, 18,210,000,000 on social welfare, 3,000,000,000 on social aid, 190,000,000 on aid after natural disasters and 4,360,000,000 on other fields.

Chart 10. welfare lottery

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Table 10. welfare lottery

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2.2.7 Subsidies for Entitled Groups

By the end of 2015, China’s subsidies for entitled groups covered 8,970,000 people, including 737,000 injured or disabled servicemen, 1,184,000 ill veterans returned homed, 792,000 demobilized servicemen, 3,925,000 veterans with a rural registered residence over 60 years old, 177 Red Army veterans who returned home, 64 West-Road Red Army veterans who returned home, 3708 lost Red Army soldiers, 161,000 close relatives of martyrs, and 104,000 close relatives of soldiers who died in the line of duty or from illnesses.

Chart 11. the number of entitled groups that enjoy subsidies

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Table 11. the number of entitled groups that enjoy subsidies

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A further 341 people were entitled to be treated as relatives of martyrs in 2015. There were 1464 registered institutions established to manage the memorial facilities for martyrs, covering a land area of 4,442 hectares by the end of 2015. 35,000 memorial facilities for martyrs were established within institutions and 12,000 ones were established outside of them.

2.2.8 Community Service

By the end of 2015, China had 361,000 community service organizations and facilities of all kinds, covering 52.9% of all service institutions. Out of these, there were 863 community service guide centers, 24,000 community service centers (with an annual increase of 4.3%), 128,000 community service stations (with an annual increase of 6.7%), 26,000 community aging service institutions and facilities (with an annual increase of 36.8%), 62,000 aging service facilities with mutual assistance (with an annual increase of 55%), and 120,000 other community service facilities (with an annual increase of 12.1%). There were also 249,000 service networks bringing convenience and benefit to urban residents and 96,000 community voluntary organizations.

Chart 12. community service organizations and facilities

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Table 12. community service organizations and facilities

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Membership Organizations and Other Social Services

3.1 Membership Organizations

3.1.1 Social Organizations

By the end of 2015, there were 662,000 social organizations nationwide, with an annual increase of 9.2%; these organizations provided jobs for 7.35 million people, with an annual increase of 7.7%. The total annual income of these organizations was 292.9 billion Yuan and the total expenditure 238.38 billion Yuan; 231.11 billion Yuan was turned into fixed assets. These organizations received 61.03 billion Yuan of donations from different social groups and the general public. The total number of investigated illegal cases within social organizations in 2015 was 2951, leading to 23 ones being banned and 2928 ones receiving an administrative penalty.

In 2015 there were 329,000 social groups nationwide, with an annual increase of 6.1%, including 37,000 business service groups, 17,000 technological research groups, 10,000 educational groups, 10,000 health groups, 48,000 social service groups, 33,000 cultural groups, 23,000 sport groups, 7,000 environmental groups, 3,000 legal groups, 5,000 religious groups, 62,000 rural/rural development groups, 21,000 career groups, and another 53,000 non-categorized groups. Out of all these social groups, the total number of investigated illegal cases in 2015 was 1681, which led to two groups being banned and 1679 ones receiving an administrative penalty.

There were 4784 foundations nationwide, with an annual increase of 667 foundations (16.2%), including 1548 public fundraising foundations and 3198 non-public fundraising foundations. There were 202 foundations registered with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, 9 international foundations, and 29 representative institutions of foreign foundations. Public and non-public fundraising foundations received 43.93 billion Yuan donations from the general public. The number of administrative penalties was 16.

There were 329,000 civil non-enterprise units, with an annual increase of 12.7%, including 16,000 organizations involved in technological services, 433 environmental ones, 183,000 educational ones, 24,000 health ones, 49,000 social service ones, 17,000 cultural ones, 14,000 sport ones, 3,355 business service ones, 114 religious ones, 7 international ones and another 19,000 non-categorical ones. Among all the civil non-enterprise units, the total number of investigated illegal cases in 2015 was 1254, leading to 21 units being banned and 1233 ones receiving an administrative penalty.

Chart 13. Number of social organizations

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Table 13. Number of social organizations

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3.1.2 Autonomous Organizations

By the end of 2015, there were 681,000 autonomous organizations at the grassroots level, including 581,000 village committees and 4692,000 villagers’ groups, 100,000 neighborhood committees and 1347,000 residents’ groups. The village committees had 512,000 members and the neighborhood committees had 2297,000 members with an annual increase of 3%. 165,000 village (neighborhood) committees held elections in 2015, with 210,000,000 villagers (residents) registered to participate in the vote and 160,000,000 ones actually voting.

Chart 14. Number of autonomous organizations

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Table 14. Number of autonomous organizations

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Notes

  1. The “villages” in the Chart 1 and Table 1 include townships, sumu[1], ethnic townships, and ethnic sumu.
  2. The central funds allocated by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Civil Affairs don’t include the purchase fees for relief materials and some funds appropriated by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corp.
  3. The reference for social organization’s donations is the 2015 survey’s statistics (reporting on the situation in 2014).
  4. The number of people mentioned in the article reflects the actual situation, and the number of institutions covers those registered in a legally-binding fashion. The numbers are not equal to the approved, planned and predicted ones.
  5. Some data in this article is rounded off so that the breakdown data may not amount to the aggregated data.
  6. Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan are not included in this article.

 

[1] The “sumu” (苏木) is an administrative subdivision of Inner Mongolia

 

民政部发布2013年社会服务发展统计公报

来源: 民政部门户网站  时间:2014-06-17 14:38

2013年,全国民政系统认真贯彻党中央、国务院决策部署,积极履行保障基本民生、创新社会管理、促进国防建设、强化社会服务等方面的职能,扎实推进各项重点工作,民政事业实现了新突破新发展,服务了党和国家工作大局,促进了社会生产力发展,增强了社会活力,增进了发展成果更多更公平惠及全体人民。

一、综合

截至2013年底,全国共有省级行政区划单位34个(其中直辖市4个、省23个、自治区5个、特别行政区2个),地级行政区划单位333个(其中地级市286个、地区14个,自治州30个、盟3个),县级行政区划单位2853个(其中市辖区872个、县级市368个、县1442个、自治县117个、旗49个、自治旗3个、特区1个、林区1个),乡级行政区划单位40497个(其中区公所2个、镇20117个、乡11626个、苏木151个、民族乡1034个、民族苏木1个、街道7566个)。

2013年,共联合检查省界14条,完成了总长度约为11982公里的联检省界任务。

 

图1    乡镇、街道变化情况

 

表 1    乡镇、街道变化情况

单位:个
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
乡(个) 15306 15120 15067 14848 14571 13587 13281 12812
镇(个) 19369 19249 19234 19322 19410 19683 19881 20117
街道(个) 6355 6434 6524 6686 6923 7194 7282 7566

 

截至2013年底,全国共有社会服务机构156.2万个,比上年增长6.8%,职工总数1197.6万人(全国持证社会工作者共计123084人,其中:社会工作师31183人,助理工作师91901人),固定资产总值为6810.2亿元,比上年增长2.0%,增加值为2251.9亿元,比上年增长5.6%,占第三产业的比重为0.9%。

截至2013年底,全国社会服务事业费支出4276.5亿元,比上年增长16.1%,占国家财政支出比重为3.1%,比上年增长0.1个百分点。中央财政共向各地转移支付社会服务事业费为2149.7亿元,比上年增长19.8%,占社会服务事业费比重为50.3%,比上年增加1.6个百分点。社会服务事业基本建设施工项目19116个,全年完成投资总额292.8亿元,比上年增长24.7%。

 

图2    社会服务基本情况

 

表2    社会服务基本情况

单位:亿元
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
社会服务事业费支出 915.4 1215.5 2146.5 2181.9 2697.5 3229.1 3683.7 4276.5
基本建设投资总额 33.5 47.7 66.6 157 183 218.5 235 292.8
社会服务机构固定资产原值 4066.7 3973 4592.8 5198 6589.3 6676.7 6675.4 6810.2

 

二、社会工作

(一)提供住宿的社会服务。

截至2013年底,全国各类提供住宿的社会服务机构4.6万个(其中登记注册为事业单位机构1.3万个);床位526.7万张,比上年增长17.2%;每千人口平均拥有社会服务机构床位3.9张,比上年增长17.3%;收养322.5万人,比上年增长4.2%。

图3  社会服务机构床位

 

表3    社会服务机构床位

单位:万张、张
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
床位数 204.5 269.6 300.3 326.5 349.6 396.4 449.3 526.7
每千人口床位数 1.56 2.04 2.26 2.45 2.61 2.94 3.32 3.87

 

1.提供住宿的养老服务。全国各类养老服务机构42475个,拥有床位493.7万张,比上年增长18.9%(每千名老年人拥有养老床位24.4张,比上年增长13.9%),其中社区留宿和日间照料床位64.1万张。年末收留抚养老年人307.4万人,比上年增长5.5%。

2.提供住宿的智障与精神病服务。全国民政部门管理的智障与精神疾病服务机构共有261个,拥有床位7.4万张,比上年增长10.4%。。其中社会福利医院(精神病院)155个,床位数4.5万张,比上年增长9.7%,年末收养各类人员3.7万人;复退军人精神病院106个,床位数2.9万张,比上年增长11.5%,年末收养各类人员2.3万人。

3.提供住宿的儿童福利和儿童救助服务。全国共有儿童收养救助服务机构803个,拥有床位9.8万张,年末收养各类人员5.6万人。其中儿童福利机构529个,比上年增加66个,床位8.7万张,比上年增长12.7%;未成年人救助保护中心274个,床位1.1万张,全年救助生活无着流浪乞讨未成年人18.4万人次。

4.其他提供住宿的社会服务。全国共有其他提供住宿的社会服务机构2438个,床位15.7万张。其中全国共有救助管理站1891个,床位9.7万张,全年救助城市生活无着的流浪乞讨人员348.5万人次,其中在站救助296.2万人次,不在站救助52.3万人次;安置农场26个;军供站325个,床位3.7万张;其他收养机构196个,床位2.3万张,年末收养各类人员1.3万人。

(二)不提供住宿的社会服务。

1.老龄服务。截至2013年底,全国60岁及以上老年人口20243万人,占总人口的14.9%,其中65岁及以上人口13161万人,占总人口的9.7%。截至2013年底,全国共有老龄事业单位2571个,老年法律援助中心2.1万个,老年维权协调组织7.8万个,老年学校5.4万个、在校学习人员692.0万人,各类老年活动室36.0万个。

 

图4    60岁以上老年人口占全国总人口比重

 

表4    60岁以上老年人口占全国总人口比重

单位:万人、%
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
60岁以上人口 14901 15340 15989 16714 17765 18499 19390 20243
比重 11.3 11.6 12 12.5 13.3 13.7 14.3 14.9

 

2.儿童福利。截至2013年底,全国共有孤儿54.9万人,其中集中供养孤儿9.4万人,社会散居孤儿45.5万人。2013年全国办理家庭收养登记24460件,其中:内地居民收养登记21033件,港澳台华侨收养197件,外国人收养登记3230件。

图5    家庭儿童收养

 

表5    家庭儿童收养

单位:人、%
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
家庭收养儿童数 49148 46047 44115 44359 34473 31329 27310 24460
年增长率 -3.5 -6.3 -4.2 0.6 -22.3 -9.1 -12.8 -10.4

 

  1. 为残疾人提供服务的机构。截至2013年底,全国共有为残疾人提供服务的机构18227个;增加值为701.5亿元,占第三产业的比重0.27%;吸纳残疾职工53.9万人就业;实现利润106.9亿元;年末固定资产1760.1亿元。

图6    福利企业中的残疾职工

 

表6    福利企业中的残疾职工

单位:万人、%
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
福利企业残疾职工 55.9 56.3 61.9 62.7 62.5 62.8 59.7 53.9
年增长率 -12.2 0.7 9.9 1.3 -0.3 0.5 -4.9 -9.7

 

4.社会救助。

城市低保。截至2013年底,全国共有城市低保对象1097.2万户、2064.2万人。全年各级财政共支出城市低保资金756.7亿元,比上年增长12.2%,其中中央财政补助资金545.6亿元,占总支出的72.1%。2013年全国城市低保平均标准373元/人、月,比上年增长13%;全国城市低保月人均补助水平264元。

城市“三无”救济。2013年救济城市“三无”8.6万人。

农村低保。截至2013年底,全国有农村低保对象2931.1万户、5388.0万人,比上年同期增加43.5万人,增长了0.8%。全年各级财政共支出农村低保资金866.9亿元,比上年增长20.7%,其中中央补助资金612.3亿元,占总支出的70.6%。2013年全国农村低保平均标准2434元/人、年,比上年提高366元,增长17.7%;全国农村低保月人均补助水平116元,比上年增长11.7%。

农村五保。截至2013年底,全国有农村五保供养537.2万人,比上年下降1.5%。全年各级财政共支出农村五保供养资金172.3亿元,比上年增长18.9%。其中:农村五保集中供养183.5万人,集中供养年平均标准为4685元/人,比上年增长15.4%;农村五保分散供养353.8万人,分散供养年平均标准为3499元/人,比上年增长16.3%。

图7    社会救助情况

 

表7    社会救助情况

单位:万人
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
城市居民最低生活保障人数 2240.1 2272.1 2334.8 2345.6 2310.5 2276.8 2143.5 2064.2
农村最低生活保障人数 1593.1 3566.3 4305.5 4760.0 5214.0 5305.7 5344.5 5388.0
农村五保供养人数 503.3 531.3 548.6 553.4 556.3 551 545.6 537.2

 

农村传统救济。2013年农村传统救济73.0万人。

医疗救助。2013年民政部门资助参加城镇居民基本医疗保险1490.1万人,人均资助参保水平96.7元,各级财政共支出资助参保资金14.4亿元;民政部门资助参加新型农村合作医疗4868.7万人,人均资助参合水平61.7元,各级财政共支出资助参合资金30.0亿元;直接医疗救助2126.4万人次,各级财政共支出直接医疗救助资金180.5亿元。

2013年全年累计医疗补助优抚对象454.1万人次,人均补助水平715.8元,各级财政共支出优抚医疗补助资金32.5亿元。

临时救助。2013年临时救助698.1万户次,其中,按户籍性质分类城市家庭323.0万户次,农村家庭375.1万户次;按属地分类当地常驻户口681.0万户次,非当地常驻户口17.2万户次;按救助类型分类支出型临时救助620.5万户次,应急型临时救助77.6万户次。

5.防灾减灾。2013年全国各类自然灾害共造成3.9亿人次不同程度受灾,因灾死亡失踪2284人,紧急转移安置1215.0万人次;农作物受灾面积3135.0万公顷,其中绝收面积384.4万公顷;倒塌房屋87.5万间,严重损坏226.9万间,一般损坏543.4万间;因灾直接经济损失5808.4亿元。国家减灾委、民政部共启动10次预警响应和39次应急响应,协调派出35个救灾应急工作组赶赴灾区,财政部、民政部下拨中央救灾资金102.7亿元,民政部调拨帐篷19.6万顶、棉衣被62.8万件(床)、折叠床8.9万张等救灾物资,累计救助受灾群众8000万人次。受灾群众基本生活得到妥善保障。

 

图8   因灾死亡(含失踪)人口

 

表8  因灾死亡(含失踪)人口

单位:人
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
因灾死亡(含失踪)人口 3186 2325 88928 1528 7844 1126 1530 2284

 

6.慈善事业。

慈善捐赠。截至2013年底,全国共建立经常性社会捐助工作站、点和慈善超市3.1万个(其中:慈善超市9492个)。全年各地共接收社会捐赠款物566.4亿元,其中:民政部门直接接收社会各界捐款107.6亿元,各类社会组织接收捐款458.8亿元。全年各地接收捐赠衣被10405.0万件,捐赠物资价值折合人民币8.7亿元。间接接收其他部门转入的社会捐款5.0亿元,衣被739.1万件,捐赠物资折款35081.4万元。全年有1246.0万人次困难群众受益。全年有1368.8万人次在社会服务领域提供了3579.7万小时的志愿服务。

 

图9   接收社会捐款和衣被

 

表9    接收社会捐款和衣被

单位:亿元、万件
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
接收社会捐款 83.1 132.8 744.5 507.2 596.8 490.1 572.5 566.4
接收社会捐赠衣被 7123.6 8756.8 115816.3 12476.6 2750.2 2918.5 12538.2 10405.0

 

福利彩票。2013年中国福利彩票年销售1765.3亿元,比上年增加255.0亿元,同比增长16.9%。全年筹集福彩公益金510.7亿元,比上年增长13.6%。全年民政系统共支出彩票公益金195.5亿元,比上年增加36.5亿元;其中:资助用于抚恤7.5亿元,退役安置0.6亿元,社会福利117.1亿元,社会救助26.1亿元,自然灾害2.6亿元,其他41.6亿元。

图10    福利彩票

 

表10    福利彩票

单位:亿元、%
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
销售额 495.7 631.6 604.0 756.0 968.0 1278.0 1510.3 1765.3
年增长率 20.5 27.4 -4.4 25.2 28.0 32.0 18.2 16.9

 

7.优抚安置。截至2013年底,国家抚恤、补助各类重点优抚对象950.5万人,比上年增长0.6%。其中:伤残人员81.2万人,带病回乡退伍军人130.6万人,在乡复员军人126.1万人,60岁以上农村籍退伍军人356.7万人,在乡退伍红军老战士647人,在乡西路军红军老战士117人,红军失散人员18976人;烈士遗属24.0万人,因公牺牲、病故军人遗属12.6万人。

 

图11    国家抚恤、补助优抚对象

 

表11    国家抚恤、补助优抚对象

  单位:万人、亿元、%
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
国家抚恤、补助优抚对象 462.6 622.4 633.2 630.7 625 852.5 944.4 950.5
抚恤事业费 178.8 210.8 253.6 310.3 362.7 428.3 517 618.4
抚恤事业费年增长率 24.5 17.9 20.3 22.4 16.9 18.1 20.7 19.6

 

2013年实际发放烈士褒扬金200。截至2013年底,全国共有烈士纪念设施管理机构1463个,占地面积4585公顷,机构内烈士纪念设施13602处;零散烈士纪念设施13601处。

2013年共接收军队离退休干部(含退休士官)、无军籍退休退职职工、复员干部3.9万人。军队离退休人员管理中心145个,年末职工0.2万人;军队离退休人员活动中心28个,年末职工0.1万人。

8.社区服务。截至2013年底,全国共有各类社区服务机构25.2万个,社区服务机构覆盖率36.9%;其中:社区服务指导中心890个,社区服务中心19014个,比上年增加3517个,社区服务站108377个,比上年增加20446个,养老等其他社区服务机构12.4万个,比上年增加2.8万个。城镇便民、利民服务网点35.9万个。社区志愿服务组织12.8万个。

 

图12    社区服务机构

 

表12    社区服务机构

单位:万个、个
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
社区服务机构 12.5 12.9 14.6 14.6 15.3 16.0 20.0 25.2
  社区服务中心 8565 9319 9873 10003 12720 14391 16306 19904
  社区服务站 50116 30021 53170 44237 56156 87931 108377
便民、利民网点 45.8 89.3 74.9 69.3 53.9 45.3 39.7 35.9

 

三、成员组织和其他社会服务

(一)成员组织。

1.社会组织。截至2013年底,全国共有社会组织54.7万个,比上年增长9.6%;吸纳社会各类人员就业636.6万人,比上年增加3.8%;形成固定资产1496.6亿元;社会组织增加值为571.1亿元,比上年增长8.7%,占第三产业增加值比重为0.22%;接收各类社会捐赠458.8亿元;全年共查处社会组织违法违规案件3117起,其中取缔非法社会组织46起,行政处罚3071起。

全国共有社会团体28.9万个,比上年增长6.6%。其中:工商服务业类31031个,科技研究类17399个,教育类11753个,卫生类9953个,社会服务类41777个,文化类27115个,体育类17869个,生态环境类6636个,法律类3264个,宗教类4801个,农业及农村发展类58825个,职业及从业组织类19743个,国际及其他涉外组织类481个,其他38379个。全年共查处社会团体违法违规案件2173起,其中取缔非法社会团体21起,行政处罚2152起。

全国共有基金会3549个,比上年增加520个,增长17.2%,其中:公募基金会1378个,非公募基金会2137个,涉外基金会8个,境外基金会代表机构26个。民政部登记的基金会216个。公募基金会和非公募基金会共接收社会各界捐赠302.9亿元。全年对基金会作出行政处罚4起。

全国共有民办非企业单位25.5万个,比上年增长13.1%。其中:科技服务类13729个,生态环境类377个,教育类145210个,卫生类21234个,社会服务类36698个,文化类11694个,体育类10353个,商务服务类5625个,宗教类94个,国际及其他涉外组织类4个,其他9652个。全年共查处民办非企业单位违法违纪案件940起,其中取缔非法民办非企业单位25起,行政处罚915起。

 

图13    社会组织

 

表13    社会组织

单位:万个、个
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
社会团体 19.2 21.2 23 23.9 24.5 25.5 27.1 28.9
基金会 1144 1340 1597 1843 2200 2614 3029 3549
民办非企业 16.1 17.4 18.2 19 19.8 20.4 22.5 25.5

 

2.自治组织。

截至2013年底,基层群众自治组织共计68.3万个,其中:村委会58.9万个,村民小组466.4万个,村委会成员232.3万人;居委会94620个,增长3.8%,居民小组135.7万个,比上年增加2.2万个,居委会成员48.4万人,比上年增长3.2%。全年共有15.0万个村(居)委会完成选举,参与选举的村(居)民登记数为2.2亿人,参与投票人数为1.7亿人。

图14   自治组织

 

表14     自治组织

单位:个
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
居委会 80717 82006 83413 84689 87057 89480 91153 94620
村委会 623669 612709 604285 599078 594658 589653 588475 588547

 

(二)其他社会服务。

1.婚姻服务。2013年全国共有事业单位性质的婚姻登记机构2059个。各级民政部门和婚姻登记机构共依法办理结婚登记1346.9万对,比上年增长1.8%。其中:内地居民登记结婚1341.4万对,涉外及华侨、港澳台居民登记结婚5.5万对。粗结婚率为9.9‰,比上年上升0.1个千分点。2013年25-29岁办理结婚登记占结婚总人口比重最多,占35.2%,比上年提高1个百分点。

2013年依法办理离婚手续的共有350.0万对,比上年增长12.8%,粗离婚率为2.6‰,比上年增加0.3个千分点。其中:民政部门登记离婚281.5万对,法院办理离婚68.5万对。

 

图15    粗结婚率和粗离婚率

 

表15    粗结婚率和粗离婚率

单位:‰
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
粗结婚率 7.19 7.50 8.27 9.10 9.30 9.67 9.80 9.92
粗离婚率 1.46 1.59 1.71 1.85 2 2.13 2.29 2.58

 

2.殡葬服务。截至2013年底,全国共有殡葬服务机构4382个,比上年增加26个,其中殡仪馆1784个,殡葬管理机构1063个,民政部门管理的公墓1506个。殡葬服务机构职工共有8.1万人,其中殡仪馆职工4.6万人。火化炉5743台,火化遗体468.9万具。火化率48.2%。

 

图16    火化遗体情况

 

表16    火化遗体情况

单位:万具、%
指标 2006年 2007年 2008年 2009年 2010年 2011年 2012年 2013年
火化遗体数 430.2 442.1 453.4 454.2 474.1 468.1 477.7 468.9
火化率 48.2 48.4 48.5 48.2 49.0 48.8 49.5 48.2

 

注释:

  1. 图1和表1中“乡”包含“民族乡、苏木和民族苏木”。

2.财政部、民政部下拨中央救灾资金不包含中央级救灾物资采购经费和中央拨付新疆生产建设兵团救灾资金。

3.2013年社区服务中心里含社区服务指导中心。

4.离婚登记服务中法院判决、调解离婚数据来源于最高人民法院。

5.本资料中的民政对象人数和机构数均为当年实际发生数和法定机构数,与当年批准数、计划数和预算数不可比。

6.本资料部分数据因四舍五入原因,存在分项数据与合计数据不等情况,由此产生的误差,均未作机械调整。

7.各项统计数据均未包括香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区和台湾省。

Translated by Sun Ruyue

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