An overview of the 2017 annual reports of China’s online fundraising platforms

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China’s Charity Law, passed in 2016, stipulates that all charitable organisations must release fundraising information only on official platforms recognised by the Civil Affairs Department of the State Council. A year and a half after 12 organizations passed the first round of selections by the Ministry of Civil Affairs as designated fundraising platforms, the ministry started the second round of selections this January. The 12 platforms designated last year recently published their 2017 annual reports. The statistics released, including the amount of funds raised, the number of programs already launched, and the amount of donations, reveal evident disparities between the 12 organizations.

 

Table 1 Amount of Funds Raised in 2017

RankingPlatformAmount of Funds (millions of yuan)
1Tencent Charity1625
2Ant Financial487
3Taobao Charity298
4United for Charity69.12
5Qingsongchou42.68
6Weibo Charity17.78
7Shanghai United Foundation19.81
8Gongyibao9.29
9Xinhua Charity6.14
10Baidu Charity2.66
11Jingdong Charity1.28
12China Foundation Center1.12

 

The aggregate collected donations in 2017 amounted to over 2.58 billion yuan. Tencent Charity took up the lion’s share with 1.625 billion, making more contributions than the other 11 organizations combined. During last year’s “9/9 Philanthropy Day“, actually a three-day activity, the Tencent group managed to raise 1.3 billion yuan, including 829.9 million Yuan from the public, 299.99 million Yuan from the Tencent Foundation and 177 million Yuan from social enterprises. Ant Financial Service and Taobao Charity, which belong to another eminent group, Alibaba, ranked 2nd and 3rd.

 

Table 2 Number of Donations in 2017

RankingPlatformNumber of Donations (thousands)
1Taobao Charity5980000
2Ant Financial Service203000
3Tencent Charity63100
4Qingsongchou1941
5Weibo Charity574
6Jingdong Charity220
7Gongyibao197
8Shanghai United Foundation150
9China Foundation Center130
10United for Charity44
11Xinhua Charity9.6
12Baidu Charity7.8

 

In total, 6.2 billion separate donations were made via internet fundraising platforms. Divided by China’s 1.383 people (according to the 2016 census), the average number of donations per capita was 4.5. Taobao Charity takes the lead with 5.98 billion donations, which equals 13 times those initiated by the remaining 11 platforms. This considerable number achieved by Taobao should mostly be credited to its ‘charity products’ project (公益宝贝计划). Every time one of the participating shops makes a sale, a very small donation is automatically made. 83% of the 298 million yuan raised through this platform, according to Taobao Charity’s annual report, came from this project.

 

Table 3 Average Amount per Donation

RankingPlatformAmount per Person (yuan)
1United for Charity1570.91
2Xinhua Charity639.58
3Baidu Charity341.03
4Shanghai United Foundation132.07
5Weibo Charity48.4
6Gongyibao47.16
7Tencent Charity25.75
8Qingsongchou22
9Jingdong Charity17.07
10China Foundation Center8.62
11Ant Financial Service2.4
12Taobao Charity0.0498

 

Table 3 is the amount of money per donation, calculated through the data provided above. United for Charity is ranked at the top of the list, with an average amount as high as 1570.91 yuan. By comparison, Taobao has an absolute advantage in terms of participants, but the average donation comes down to 0.0498 yuan.

 

Table 4  Projects Launched in 2017

RankingPlatformNumber of Projects
1Tencent Charity16847
2Weibo Charity2087
3Taobao Charity1466
4Gongyibao1415
5Ant Financial Service1029
6Qingsongchou577
7Jingdong Charity243
8Xinhua Charity186
9United for Charity151
10Shanghai United Foundation119
11China Foundation Center77
12Baidu Charity57

 

As shown by the annual reports, Tencent Charity boasts the largest number of fundraising programs with 16847, followed by Weibo Charity with 2087 programs. The platform at the bottom of the list is Baidu Charity, which only put forward 57 projects (53 of them still in the fundraising process).

 

Table 5 Number of Partners

RankingPlatformNumber of Partners
1Tencent Charity289
2Gongyibao156
3Ant Financial Service111
4Weibo Charity99
5Taobao Charity84
6Xinhua Charity57
7Jingdong Charity43
8Qingsongchou33
9China Foundation Center28
10Baidu Charity17
11United for Charity17
12Shanghai United Foundation5

 

With 289 partners, Tencent also outweighs its counterparts with regards to the number of partners (meaning the number of organizations that use the platform to fundraise). By comparison, the Shanghai United Foundation has only established cooperative relationships with 5 charities. In addition, it can be observed that many of the 12 platforms share a lot of their partners. According to Charity in China, 951 out of the 3591 officially registered charity organizations in the country have the qualifications for public fundraising. In other words, even Tencent has only reached 30% of all the organizations. Since it is stated in the Charity Law that only after issuing an announcement on the designated platforms can an organization conduct online fundraising, it is clear that many organizations qualified for public fundraising have still not started any online donation programs.

The second round of applications for designated online fundraising platforms just closed on February the 2nd. It is estimated that about ten applicants will be accepted this year.