Statistics on ONGO Registrations and Temporary Activities in 2017

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Editor’s Note

This article was originally published by the Office of Overseas NGOs of the Ministry of Public Security, and translated into English by CDB. Some parts have been cut out from our translation. You can find the original here

1. National and regional distribution

By the 31st of December 2017, 305 overseas non-governmental organizations (ONGOs) had registered their representative offices in China. The United States, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea and Germany are home to 71.48% of these overseas organizations.

No.Countries/RegionsNumber of Registered Organizations
1United States72
2Hong Kong60
3Japan42
4Korea24
5Germany20
6United Kingdom13
7Taiwan11
8Switzerland10
9Canada9
10France9
11Netherlands6
12Macao4
13Australia4
14Italy2
15Malaysia2
16Belgium2
17India2
18Brazil2
19Singapore1
20Spain1
21Turkey1
22Mongolia1
23Russia1
24Denmark1
25United Arab Emirates1
26New Zealand1
27Madagascar1
28Croatia1
29Thailand1
Total305

微信图片_20180123100046The headquarters of the ONGOs are widely distributed all over the world. Most of them are located in North America (26.56%), Hong Kong, Macao & Taiwan (24.59%), Northeast Asia (21.64%) and Europe (21.64%).

1.1

 

No.AreaNumber of Registered Organizations
1

North America

81
2Hong Kong, Macao & Taiwan75
3Northeast Asia66
4Europe66
5Others17
Total305

 

2. Place of registration

Out of the 305 organizations, 74.43% of them registered their representative offices in Beijing, Shanghai, Yunnan, Guangdong and Liaoning.

微信图片_20180123095515

No.Place of RegistrationNumber of Registered Organizations
1Beijing106
2Shanghai71
3Yunnan19
4Guangdong18
5Liaoning13
6Sichuan12
7Tianjin8
8Shandong8
9Fujian7
10Guangxi5
11Jiangsu5
12Gansu4
13Shaanxi4
14Hubei4
15Chongqing4
16Hunan4
17Heilongjiang2
18Zhejiang2
19Henan2
20Jiangxi1
21Xizang1
22Inner Mongolia1
23Guizhou1
24Jilin1
25Qinghai1
26Anhui1
Total305

2-3

3. The professional supervisory units of the ONGOs

(1) Overview

Out of the different branches of the Chinese administrative system, the five branches with the most PSUs are the departments (部门) of Commerce, Civil Affairs, Health and Family Planning, and Education, and the people’s organizations (人民团体, a form of government-run civic association). These five branches account for the PSUs in charge of 76.07% of the 305 ONGOs that registered.

No.PSUNumber of Registered Organizations
1Commerce138
2Civil Affairs30
3Heath and Family Planning23
4Education23
5People’s organizations18
6Forestry10
7Press, Publication, Radio Film and Television9
8Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs7
9Environmental Protection6
10Poverty Alleviation5
11Agriculture5
12Development and Reform5
13Grain4
14Sport3
15Science and Technology3
16Culture2
17Economy and Information Technology2
18Tourism2
19Transport2
20Others8
Total305

微信图片_20180123102433

 

(2) Ministerial level PSUs

75 out of 305, or 24.59%, of the ONGOs have ministerial-level PSUs. The remaining 230 ONGOs are supervised by provincial authorities. The top five PSUs at the ministerial level are the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television, the State Forestry Administration and the National Health and Family Planning Commission, accounting for 57.33% of all ONGOs with ministerial-level PSUs.

No.PSUNumber of Registered ONGOsRatio of Ministerial-level PSUs 
1Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries1292.31%
2Ministry of Civil Affairs1136.67%
3The State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television888.89%
4The State Administration of Forestry770.00%
5National Health and Family Planning Commission521.74%
6Ministry of Education521.74%
7Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council583.33%
8Ministry of Environmental Protection583.33%
9State Administration of Grain4100.00%
10National Development and Reform Commission360.00%
11General Administration of Sport266.67%
12State Ethnic Affairs Commission1100.00%
13Ministry of Land and Resources1100.00%
14Chinese Association of International Understanding1100.00%
15China National Tourism Administration150.00%
16China Disabled Person’s Federation133.33%
17State Post Bureau1100.00%
18National Energy Administration1100.00%
19Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development1100.00%
Total75

 

(3) 15 new PSUs appeared over the second half of the year

There are currently 32 administrative branches that include PSUs for ONGOs in China. The departments of commerce and civil affairs and the Health and Family Planning Commission are the most deeply involved departments. 138 ONGOs are supervised by PSUs belonging to the department of commerce. When it comes to the supervision of organizations involved in charity-like activities, then the department of civil affairs, the Health and Family Planning Commission, the department of education and the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries are the most active branches of the government, taking charge of 30, 23, 23, and 13 organizations respectively. The PSUs became more diverse in the second half of the year, with PSUs from 15 new branches including the Disabled Person’s Federation, the Economy and Information Technology Commission and the departments of culture, tourism, transport, housing and urban-rural development.

Other than that the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, the Chinese Association for International Understanding, the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, the Ministry of Land and Resources, the Shanghai Institute for International Studies and the Shanghai’s Youth League were also added to the list of PSUs.

4. Fields of work of the registered ONGOs 

Looking at the areas in which the 305 organizations work, the five most common areas are the economy, poverty alleviation and disaster relief, education, health and environmental protection, taking up 82.62% of the total.

No.Field of WorkNumbers of Registered Organizations
1Economy153
2Poverty Alleviation and Disaster Relief34
3Education28
4Health20
5Environmental Protection17
6Culture17
7Science and Technology4
8Sport3
9Others29
Total305

 

微信图片_20180123095453

5. Location of activities of the representative offices

108 (35.41%) organizations have activities in the whole of China, while the others cover one or more provinces. So far, 93 of the 305 ONGOs only have activities in the province where they are located, while 212 (69.51%) cover more than one province.

微信图片_20180123095447

No.Number of Areas Covered   Number of Registered OrganizationsRatio
1National10835.41%
221-31185.90%
311-203310.82%
42-105317.38%
519330.49%
Total305100.00%

 

The 108 organizations whose activities radiate all over China are mainly registered in Beijing and Shanghai. Specifically, 55 (50.95%) registered in Beijing and 40 (37.04%) in Shanghai, together making up 87.96% of the 108 organizations.

6. ONGOs which set up more than one regional representative organization

So far, 259 ONGOs have established 305 representative offices in China. 27 own more than one representative office. The China-Britain Business Council and World Vision rank at the top of the list with six representative offices each.

7. National and regional distribution of ONGOs which have filed temporary activities in Mainland China

By December 31st 2017, there had been 487 temporary activities filed in Mainland China. 90.14% of the activities were filed by organizations from Hong Kong, the U.S, Germany, Taiwan and South Korea.

微信图片_20180123095435

No.Country/RegionNumber of Registered Temporary Activities
1Hong Kong292
2United States96
3Germany27
4Taiwan12
5Korea12
6Japan9
7Macao8
8UK8
9Switzerland4
10Netherland3
11Sweden3
12Australia2
13Canada2
14France2
15United Arab Emirates1
16Sri Lanka1
17The Philippines1
18Malaysia1
19Italy1
20Singapore1
21Kuwait1
Total487

The figures above show that most of the temporary activities (64.07%) were filed by organizations from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. 98 (20.12%) activities were filed by North American organizations.

8. Location of the Temporary Activities

59.55% of the 487 filed activities were situated in Beijing, Guangdong, Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou.

微信图片_20180123095511

No.Place of RegistrationNumber of Registered Organizations
1Beijing98
2Guangdong66
3Sichuan45
4Yunnan41
5Guizhou40
6Shaanxi24
7Gansu23
8Chongqing23
9Zhejiang16
10Guangxi14
11Shanghai14
12Hunan13
13Qinghai13
14Henan10
15Inner Mongolia7
16Hubei7
17Anhui7
18Ningxia5
19Jiangsu5
20Liaoning3
21Hebei2
22Jiangxi2
23Heilongjiang2
24Fujian1
25Xinjiang1
26Hainan1
27Tianjin1
28Jilin1
29Tibet1
30Shandong1
Total487

 

9. ONGOs with more than one temporary activity

The 487 temporary activities were held by 230 ONGOs. 59 organizations organized more than one activity, contributing to 316 activities in total, 64.89% of the total.

10. Registration of representative offices and temporary activities by month

The average number of ONGO registrations by moth was 25. The month of May witnessed the highest number with 48.

微信图片_20180123095520

Overall the record for temporary activities shows an upward trend, peaking in December with 87.

微信图片_20180123095501

In Brief

The full statistics on overseas NGOs registering and conducting activities in China during 2017
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